One of the major causes of female infertility is blockage of the Fallopian Tubes. Since a healthy sperm will have to travel through the Fallopian Tubes to reach a matured egg, blocked Fallopian Tubes means fertilization and by extension, pregnancy, cannot occur. During diagnostic examinations for infertility, medical professionals typically check the Fallopian Tubes for blockage.
Types of Procedures
Fallopian Tube surgery aka Laparoscopy is the main form of treatment for women experiencing conception problems due to the inability of sperms to reach released eggs. There are various forms of laparoscopy conducted on patients, depending on the type and cause of the blockage. Here are some types of Fallopian Tube procedures:
Salpingectomy is one of the most popular types of Fallopian Tube surgical procedures. It is usually prescribed when body fluids have stagnated around the Fallopian Tubes, causing blockage. Since this condition prevents natural conception as well as decreases In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) success, it is usually prescribed by healthcare professionals prior to an IVF procedure.
Tubal reanastomosis is usually conducted for patients with parts of Fallopian Tubes damaged as a result of infections. It involves incisions being made to get rid of the damaged parts before the healthy areas are joined together.
Salpingostomy is the most effective procedure for treating stagnant fluid at the rear of the Fallopian Tube. An incision is made in an area of the tube located in close proximity to the ovary. However, this procedure usually produces temporary results as the incised area may become blocked again in future.
Fimbrioplasty is usually prescribed when the tube’s opening into the ovary has been blocked. It aims at creating passage at that end of the tube to make fertilization possible.
Recuperating After Surgery
Fallopian Tube surgery patients are usually required to be admitted for around three days after the procedure. Pain killers may be prescribed to minimize the pain while you will also need antibiotics to help you heal quicker. Most women are able to get back to work within a month of resting at home after the surgery but this timeline is not definite. It is recommended that a woman rests in bed for at least a week before trying to resume some of her normal daily activities, after the procedure.
While advancements in technology have improved the success rates of laparoscopy procedures, there are absolutely no guarantees when going under the knife for any type of surgery. In fact, your chances of successful conception after Fallopian Tube surgery depends on which part of the tube is blocked as well as the absence of additional fertility problems.
Procedures done to correct blockage at the far end of the tube in close proximity to the uterus have shown to have the highest success rates. More than half of women with such issues are able to conceive after surgery, compared to less than 30 percent success rates for other types of Fallopian Tube blockages.
In some cases, only small portions of the Fallopian Tube may remain after surgery, decreasing the patient’s chances of successful pregnancy. Also, getting the procedure done by an experienced and skillful surgeon can be the difference between success and failure during laparoscopy.
Fallopian Tube surgery carries risks just like any other type of evasive procedure. Some of the common ones include:
- Scarring of the reproductive organs
- High risk of ectopic pregnancy
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
Keep in mind that under some circumstances, more than one type of laparoscopy may be necessary to improve your chances of natural pregnancy. For successful procedures, most women are able to conceive within 2 years. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is another option that can be explored if you are unable to get pregnant even after Fallopian Tube surgery.