In an ideal world, every woman should be able to get pregnant when they want and carry a baby healthily until birth. Sadly, this is far from the case in reality. Millions of women located all over the world face problems with getting pregnant. In some cases, even if pregnancy is occurs, carrying the baby becomes a problem. If you have been trying to get pregnant for many years without success then you may be suffering from infertility problems. Also, if you are able to get pregnant but face complications which eventually lead to a miscarriage then this may also be a sign of fertility problems.
How Common is It?
Female infertility is more common than you may anticipate and research indicates about ten percent of couples in the United States alone, face problems with conception or successful delivery after conception. There is a general myth that infertility only affects women. However, this is extremely far from true since male infertility is also very common. In fact, studies indicate the prevalence rates of female infertility are similar to those for men.
As such, it is important for every couple to undergo the necessary tests to identify or rule out infertility in both of them, if they are having difficulties with conception.
When to Seek Medical Treatment for Female infertility
Generally, gynecologists recommend that a woman should try to conceive naturally for a year, before getting alarmed and undergoing the necessary tests to determine infertility problems, if any. However, if you are in your mid-thirties or older then you should try to seek medical attention after six months of trying without success. Getting a preconception checkup is recommended before trying to get pregnant in the first place. This checkup will help reveal any gynecological problems you may have suffered in the past or symptoms which may indicate underlying fertility problems.
However if you have a history of any of the conditions stated below, seeking medical treatment immediately you decide to try for baby can be very critical to your chances of success:
- Thyroid disorders
- Ectopic pregnancy
- History of miscarriages in the past
- Less than regular periods
- Past abortions
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
Causes of Female Infertility
With majority of women seeking higher education and career advancements before trying for babies, female infertility rates all over the world do not seem like taking a plunge any time soon. While fertility problems tend to rise as a woman gets older, being young doesn’t guarantee that you will be shielded from such problems. Risk factors for fertility issues in women include:
- Ovulation problems
- Production of non-healthy eggs
- Lack of free passage in the fallopian tubes for sperms to easily swim to meet and fertilize eggs
- Uterine development problems which causes implantation problems after fertilization
There are a lot of conditions that can affect a matured woman’s ability to conceive:
- Poor lifestyle choices including alcohol, tobacco or drug abuse
- Weight problems
- Exposure to chemotherapy or radiation treatments as a result of cancer
- Exposure to poisonous chemicals such as lead
- Lack of healthy diet
Several forms of medical examinations are required before infertility can be diagnosed or ruled out in a matured woman. Being patient is vital as doctors may want to be sure before diagnosing whether you are indeed suffering from fertility issues. Typically, doctors may want to check for the problem by beginning with a routine physical exam before more conclusive tests such as ultrasounds can be ordered to analyze your uterus and ovaries for abnormalities. A couple of blood tests may be required during different stages of your menstrual cycle for doctors to check for the presence of different types of fertility hormones.
Your body temperature will be recorded to detect ovulation in conjunction with analysis of your cervical mucus. Ovulation Predictor Tests or Fertility Monitors may also be used to check for ovulation problems.
The next step involves the conduction of the HSG test to diagnose or rule out blockage of the woman’s fallopian tubes. X-ray and other forms of diagnostic tests may also be ordered to ensure everything is in order with fallopian tubes and the uterus as well as ovaries and other reproductive organs. These tests may also be used to detect infertility conditions such as fibroids.
Female Infertility Treatment
Getting diagnosed with infertility shouldn’t be the end of your world. There are so many types of treatments available and the good news is that, majority of patients diagnosed with the condition go on to conceive successfully.
If you are facing conception problems as a result of ovulation or hormone-related issues then your doctor may prescribe various forms of medication to treat the condition. eek as much information as possible from your healthcare provider prior to taking any infertility medication, because you may end up experiencing considerable side effects. In some cases, In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) or Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) may be recommended to help maximize your chances of conception.
Ultimately, your gynecologist will work with you to identify the best form of female infertility treatment for you.